Naxalite insurgency spreading like wild fire
September 7, 2009 Leave a comment
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh calls it the biggest threat to the Indian Union. The military is impotent to do anything about it. The goverment is paralyzed. The insurgency spreads. A huge grid of land frm the Northern most border of Bharat (aka India) to the very South of the contry is aflame. The government’s reponse is feeble and anemic. Instead of improving the economic life of the ordinary citizens, the $450 million Untouchable Dalits and the 150 million marginalized Muslims, the government is on a buy spree of iron and steel. As if the concreate and asphalt saved the USSR.
The Center does not deal with the issues of the populaiton, 75% of which lives below $2 per day. Delhi spends Billions on Aircraft Carriers, Nuclear subs and planes from the West–no money to take care of the citizens which are in open revolt against Brahamanism.
According to press reports, the Maoist insurgency in spreading and intensifying in new areas. The Voltaires of India are quiet, too scared to question the carnage. The mighty Indian media controlled by corporatism has become more obsequious than Pravda or Izvestia. Icons of the press freedom like Tehilka cannot survive amid the tough commercial environment. Bigotry sells.
India is like a millstone on South Asia. It has kept all of South Asia in poverty. Now it is beset with humongous problems–the harvest of sowing seeds of destruction in her neighbors. When the tide rises all boats float up. When the tide sinks all boats go down. India is a dead weight on South Asia. In the process all of South Asia is doomed to another century of penury and poverty. The Times of India and other newspapers are reporting an increase in the spread of the militancy.
- As many as 217 security personnel and 441 civilians were killed in Naxal violence and action against them till November 30.
- Over 1,435 incidents of Naxal violence were reported this year till November 30, Jaiswal said, adding that
- 1,536 Naxalites were arrested in the same period.
- 26 policemen killed in separate Maoist attacks in Chhattisgarh
- Maoists kill 2 CPM leaders, issue threat in Lalgarh
- 5000 paramilitary men to be deployed for anti naxal operations
- Maoists’ predicament deserves world attention and suitable media projection. India must stop her obstinacy and allow freedom to the Naxalite – Maoists.
- …an area comprising nearly 4,000 sq km of dense forest in Chhattisgarh considered to be the Maoists’ safest base.
- Chhattisgarh govt creates special post to tackle Naxalism
- Earlier this month, 36 police were killed in a series of attacks on one day in Chhattisgarh. Nearly 500 people have died in Naxal attacks this year alone.
- An attempt to exploit local rivalries by creating a rival militia, the Salwa Judum, only exacerbated the problem. The aim was to create a force of special police officers to “drain the swamp”, forcing Naxal-friendly villagers out of the jungle and cutting the supply line to the Naxals. It just led to a new round of slaughter.
Balkanizing Cracks in “India” are turning into huge chasams. The budding Naxalite insurrection shows humongous cavities in Indian Union. Why is the press silent about the rebellion in 100 districts of India?–this constitutes about 40% of the country. The swathe of land from Nepal all the way down to Andhara Pradesh is in rebel control. The seven sisters in the Norheast are almost totally out of control of the center which does not seriously challenge the writ of the local leaders. As is Assaam and Bihar. 250 million Dalits do not feel “Indian”. The 150 million Muslims have been so mistreated that they are in abject generational penury. It will take more than 3 centuries to pull the poverty stricken out of destitute living. The media focuses on “Incredible India”, a figment of the imagination of the West.
The Naxalites have a force of approximately 15,000 cadres spread across 160 districts in the states of Orissa, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Maharashtra, Karnatakaand West Bengal. They operate primarily in the lawless, dense forested areas of India’s interior, with some estimates saying Naxalites control approximately 10.03 million hectares (about 25 million acres) of forests nationwide. They also have an active campaign to recruit students and other youths to help spread their left-wing extremism into India’s towns and cities. The Maoist movement in Bharat started in 1967.
From its origins in a 1967 uprising against landlords in the village of Naxalbari, West Bengal, the Maoist insurgency has become the greatest threat to the world’s largest democracy.
The rebels play on the frustrations of India’s vast underclass, in particular those of the tribal people left behind by the minority who are growing rich by exploiting the country’s natural resources and cheap labour.
Estimates put Naxalite numbers at about 20,000, although it is to be assumed they enjoy wider support among villagers. Last Updated: 26 July 2009 9:59 PM. Source: The Scotsman, Location: Edinburgh. Published Date: 27 July 2009, By Gethin Chamberlain in Chhattisgarh
India is behaving a like a pumped up balloon Michelin mascot; pumped by the Americans who need crutches to needle China; pumped up by the British who cannot fight the good war in Afghanistan and expect India to clean up the mess that they have made. The Maoists are affecting the economic activity in more than 200 districts in Bharat.
according to data compiled by the Union home ministry, the Naxalite strikes on economic targets have progressively grown from 71 in 2006 to 80 in 2007, 109 in 2008 and 56 in the first half of 2009. Among these, communication towers were the most targeted this year, having seen 26 attacks between January 1 and June 30. Railways came second with 15 extremist strikes so far this year on its infrastructure and properties across Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Orissa and West Bengal.
Economic targets (10) in the first six months of this year included the NMDC mines, Gramin Sadak Nirman Yojana works, Essar Pipelines in Chhattisgarh; Essar Piplelines again in Orissa and Solar plates in Bihar. This is higher than the total five extremismrelated incidents against economic targets in whole of 2008 and eight in 2007.
However, it was in 2006 that economic activity in Left wing extremism-hit states saw its worst year with 23 private and public sector units — including uranium mines in Bihar, NMDC (attacked 11 times) Essar Pipelines (Chhattisgarh and Orissa), a steel plant in Jharkhand and BRO works in Maharashtra, getting hit. Economic Times.
The Naxalite insurrection in decades old. The Maoist movement in Nepal gives encouragement to the Naxalites.
The Naxalite movement owing to its rightful cause and wide spread support has become very significant surpassing in scale and magnitude of freedom movements in Indian Held Kashmir (IHK) and northeastern states of India. Out of 630 districts the Indian government has declared 220 districts as the Maoist affected areas. As per government announced figures more than 200 security personnel have been killed during the past six months, however, there is no official mention of collateral damage, civilian causalities and or losses suffered by Maoists guerillas. The fact of the matter is that India is fighting a bloody war against Naxalite freedom fighters.
The Naxalite-Maoists, as they call themselves, are the liberators, redeemers and saviors representing the down trodden workers and landless / poor farmers who have been entangled into vicious circle of poverty, misery and wretchedness. The Indian social order and state culture treats them contemptuously without any regard for human dignity and self esteem. Hence their patience withered away and they turned against the repressive system of government, draconian legislation, evasive political practices and mischievous manifestation of elected representatives, feudal pundits and bureaucrats. They frequently challenge the writ of the government and disrupt the communication system.
Being the spokesmen of poor farmers and neglected tribes, the Naxalites enjoy the popular support of the masses they represent. They command the hearts and souls of the people and have started a legitimate freedom movement against Indian rule. Their main support bases are in West Bengal, Bihar, Orissa, Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh. They have the will and the capacity to fight and defeat the Indian Security Forces. Since they enjoy considerable influence in five Indian states therefore their potential to crush Indian Security Forces appears to be a viable assessment and a crystal-clear possibility. So far they have put up the toughest resistance to the Security Forces marking their signatures by frequently challenging and making the state administration ineffective.The New Nation. Dr. M. Anwar
The spreading insurgency has caught the Central government by surprise.
The wooden stockade of the police base in the heart of Chhattisgarh’s Maoist-infested Dantewada district is ringed by rolls of razor wire, but the gate is wide open and the watchtower unmanned. The men inside the wire lounge around in various states of undress. It is the middle of the afternoon, but they reek of drink.
This is the front line of India’s undeclared civil war, the boundary between the forces of the state and the vast swathes of the country which are now in the hands of a Maoist Naxalite insurgency which has claimed the lives of at least 3,300 people in the past five years.
Outside the base, one of the young constables is complaining bitterly about their lot. Prabhata Suman Kujar wears a T-shirt with the words “Live in New York” on the front. He is unsteady on his feet and keeps asking for wine. “We want more money. We struggle to get by,” he grumbles. He has not seen his wife or their six-month-old son for weeks. “She begged me not to come to Dantewada,” he says.
Kujar’s wife has good reason to worry. This base was attacked by Naxals three years ago; the following year the Naxals left three barrels of the local Mahua spirit outside another base in Bijapur and waited for the police inside to take the bait before massacring 55 of them.Published Date: 27 July 2009. By Gethin Chamberlain in Chhattisgarh
This time around, the Bharatis cannot blame the Pakistanis for their internal troubles. No inputs to suggest Naxalites-ISI links: Govt
NEW DELHI: In the dock for its inability to control Naxal violence, which has spread its tentacles to 13 states, the government sought to lay responsibility on state governments for their lack of will in addressing the problem. The Centre also denied that it had information related to the links between Pakistan’s ISI and Naxal movement.
“There are no inputs to suggest that the Naxals have established links with the ISI,” Sriprakash Jaiswal, minister of state for home, said in Lok Sabha on Tuesday. Times of India
The increase in the militancy in Bharat has long term implications for the region and the world.
Rahul Sharma’s house in Dantewada is protected by armed men and razor wire. Sharma is superintendent of police for the district, one of the worst hotbeds of Naxalism in a state in which more than half the territory is classified by police as “extremely Maoist affected”.
“These are our people – we want them to join the mainstream. The Naxals have to be beaten by force but the ideology of Naxalism has to have a political solution.”
An attempt to exploit local rivalries by creating a rival militia, the Salwa Judum, only exacerbated the problem. The aim was to create a force of special police officers to “drain the swamp”, forcing Naxal-friendly villagers out of the jungle and cutting the supply line to the Naxals. It just led to a new round of slaughter.
Salwa Judum members find shelter in camps next to the police bases. In the camp on the edge of Bhairamdarh, there are gun towers looking out over the open countryside to the forests.
Laxman Bhogami, 20, shoulders a vintage .303 rifle. He shares it with four other men. They have 75 rounds between them.
“We go into the forest and fight. Once we went into the forest and there was a meeting of Naxals and we surrounded them and shot them from all sides.
“Sometimes we have to go into the villages. I think we should make friends with the people and get intelligence from them.”
He fidgets awkwardly. “I don’t know what the future is, they are increasing in numbers.”The Scottsman. Published Date: 27 July 2009 By Gethin Chamberlain in Chhattisgarh
The foreign press in “India” is ignoring the spready of fundamentalism in Bharat at its own peril. We reproduce an article published in the Times of India a conservative Bharati newspaper that usually does not publish reports about problems in the Indian Union. Mr. Mohan discusses the issues faced by the Union.
NEW DELHI: If the Centre has its action plan ready to deal with Maoists, the Red ultras have a counter-plan in place which talks about expanding
their “guerrilla war to new areas” to “disperse the enemy force (security personnel) over a sufficiently wider area”.
When chief ministers of Naxal-affected states and their police chiefs meet here sometime this month, they will have the “counter-plan” as a big challenge before them while devising their strategy of “coordinated action” against Red terror.
Taking note of what home ministry has planned to counter them, the politburo of CPI (Maoist) an umbrella organisation of naxal outfits in the country in its last meeting on June 12 came out with a detailed plan, asking its armed wing, People Liberation of Guerrilla Army (PLGA), to carry out “tactical counter-offensives” keeping in mind strengths and weaknesses of government forces.
India map insurrection: The read swathe of land from Nepal to Andhara Pradesh shows the Naxalite insurrection .
A copy of the naxals’ plan was seized by security agencies during operations in Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Orissa. It explains how the ultras are fanning out to different states to deviate police and paramilitary forces from Abhujmaad an area comprising nearly 4,000 sq km of dense forest in Chhattisgarh considered to be the Maoists’ safest base.
Though the politburo considered government forces to be “superior”, it noted that that it would be difficult for the Centre to send enough forces required by each state in near future as raising of central forces would take time.
“Keeping this in mind, we have to further aggravate the situation and create more difficulties for the enemy (security) forces by expanding our guerrilla war to new areas on the one hand and intensify the mass resistance in existing areas so as to disperse the enemy forces over a sufficiently wider area,” the Maoists’ politburo said.
Naxalite insurgency spreading like wildfire. Hindustan’s Maoist insurgency map. There are secessionist movements in almost every state in “India” encompasisng more than 200 districts
Realising that any mistake on their part would be utilised by government forces to isolate them, the politburo has issued certain dos and don’ts for its cadre. It asked them to take extra precautions not to take reckless actions, not to cause damage to people’s property or cause inconvenience to civilians. It also asked the cadre to promptly apologise for their mistakes and assure people that such mistakes would not be repeated.
Referring to their code of conduct, a senior home ministry official said the naxalites had adopted this strategy as they did not want to antagonise sympathetic local populations which provide them much needed support/shelter during operations. The ultras want to target only state security forces without causing inconvenience to civilians, he added.
Sensing the urgency of stepping up its armed struggle, CPI (Maoist) expressed the need to recruit new members, train cadre, build new leadership, enthuse them with daring counter-offensives, mobilise them into militant mass struggles and also “take up wide propaganda exposing state terror” with the help of their sympathisers and civil society.
Though the 14-page politburo note has not disclosed the Maoists’ operational details, it clearly indicates how it has been building up cadres in new areas to take on security forces.
Addressing their sympathisers and trying to motivate cadres, the politburo also pointed to various movements outside India. It referred to Iraq and Afghanistan where it said locals had been fighting “reactionaries led by US imperialists“. Times of India. email@example.com. Maoists plan to take ‘guerrilla war’ to new areas. Vishwa Mohan, TNN 3 August 2009, 02:06am IST
The Naxals are fighting for their rights, the right to live and the right to survive.
On 16th June 2009 approximately 300 to 400 Maoist guerillas entered Lal Garh and captured the town including the City Police Station. They also removed all signs and symbols of state authority and openly challenged the writ of the government. They blew up a railway building and damaged three mobile phone towers in Orissa (Koraput district) and cut off 125 villages from rest of the state. Trouble in Karnataka also marked Maoists upheaval blended with inner commotion, rage and cataclysmic activities. In West Bengal the Maoists made an effort to disrupt the supply line of the Security Forces involved in the Lal Garh operation by detonating a landmine at Chara village.
During the “bandh call” (strike), life was hit in Maoist populated areas of Lal Garh, Binpur, Pirakata and Jhargram in Midnapore districts, and areas of Bankura and Purulia. In Bihar the Maoists attacked a police escort at Lakhisarai court and freed their two colleagues including area commander Babulal Besra, blew up a mobile tower at Barachatti village of Gaya district. They also exploded an art and culture building at Madanpur in Aurangabad.
The Central Government has launched a massive repressive operation against the Maoists in Lal Garh using over 1000 Security Personnel. The operation is reportedly still going on as BSF and Polices claims to have retaken the town of Lal Garh.
Independent reporters state that Maoists still control 90% of the area of district. Indian Security Forces are required to undertake series of operations in five different Maoists affected states. Will they be able to eliminate the Maoist opposition without shedding enormous blood and massive killing, is a big question. Surely another human tragedy and mass exodus is becoming imminent in India.Dr. M. Anwar. The New Nation
In another report the Times of India reported that there is no evidence of any foreign involvement in the spread of the Maoist insurgency.
Parliamentarians expressed concern over the lack of cohesive action on the part of the Centre. Congress MP Naveen Jindal said 13 states were affected, 200 security personnel were killed and nearly 1,500 incidents took place every year, and the Centre needed to reconsider a way to tackle the problem.
CPM’s Mohammed Saleem pointed out that 80% incidents had taken place in the states of Orissa, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Bihar and West Bengal.
Replying to the queries, Jaiswal said the Centre was taking steps to check the Naxal menace, which had emerged as a threat to national security.
The government will raise 10 Commando Battalions for Resolute Action (COBRA) in the CRPF as a specialised anti-Naxal force, Jaiswal said. In a written reply to another question, Jaiswal said the government was further strengthening and streamlining the mechanisms for intelligence gathering and sharing with a view to make them more effective and result-oriented.
Steps were also being taken for modernisation and upgrading of state police forces and their intelligence branches and providing modern weaponry, equipment and training to them, he added.
As many as 217 security personnel and 441 civilians were killed in Naxal violence and action against them till November 30. Over 1,435 incidents of Naxal violence were reported this year till November 30, Jaiswal said, adding that 1,536 Naxalites were arrested in the same period. Times of India. Maoists shifting bases from Chhattisgarh to Orissa.
The militancy is spreading through the Indian Union
Dr. Anwar sheds light on the issues which is not covered by CNN, Fox, BBC and other American news channels.
The state government has banned the Communist Party of India (CPI) terming it a terrorist organization. The ban came in the backdrop of violent incidents in Lal Garh and the ongoing operation by Police and Security Forces to reclaim the area. Political differences, especially those between the CPI (M) government in West Bengal and the Congress at the Center, have affected the operation against the Maoists. The CPI (M) and its other leftist allies have opposed the ban imposed by Union Home Ministry on CPI (M), stating that the ban would serve little purpose and that the extremists should be handled politically.
The ban on CPI (M) is not a new thing as the three extreme left outfits: Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist), People’s War Group and Maoist Coordination Centre that merged to form the CPI (M) are already banned along with their front organizations. The CPI (M) also now stands banned for all practical purposes.
Indian spin masters are busy to give a new twist to Maoists movement by coining links with Lashker-e-Taiba (LeT) – a figment of imagination and a white lie. The aim is to preinvigorate propaganda against Pakistan and cover own administrative mismanagement.
Indian intelligence agencies have already been tasked to implicate LeT for providing training to the Maoists. Actually Indians are convinced that Maoists movement is totally home grown having the potential to defeat Indian Security Forces for its just cause. Media and human rights organizations must project human rights violations committed by Indian Security Forces against Maoists movement. Maoists’ predicament deserves world attention and suitable media projection. India must stop her obstinacy and allow freedom to the Naxalite – Maoists. Dr. M. Anwar. The New Nation. http://nation.ittefaq.com/issues/2009/08/01/news0588.htm
India cut down to size. The Naxal insurgency shows huge cavaties in Bharat
The Naxal militants are attacking the economic life of Bharat. Here is a report from the Economic Times.
The Naxalites have not spared power plants either, with Andhra Pradesh bearing most of the attacks. While two power plants in Maharashtra have seen Maoist attacks so far this year, one was targeted in 2008, three in 2007 and four in 2006. Even poles and transmission lines have been destroyed/disrupted thrice in Chhattisgarh in 2009, a good 24 times in 2008 (of which 23 alone were in Chhattisgarh), 10 times in 2007 and five times in 2006. Chhattisgarh has accounted for all but one attack on power infrastructure since 2006.
Mines, which are abound in the Naxal-infested areas of Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Orissa, have also been attacked over the years, though no attack has been reported yet in 2009. The last year saw six incidents of Naxal violence targeted at mines, the same as in 2007 and up from lone attack in 2006.
Railways are a favoured target, given its vast network and infrastructure and the practical difficulties involved in protecting the same. Railway properties have seen 15 attacks until June 30 this year, as against 27 in 2008, 47 in 2007 and 33 in 2006.
While Bihar saw the highest number of attacks on railway infrastructure in 2006 (12) and 2008 (11), Chhattisgarh was the worst hit (18) followed by Jharkhand (15) in 2007. This year, however, railway properties in Orissa seem to be the favoured target of Naxals, having been hit five times so far.
The year 2008 logged 46 strikes on communication infrastructure while the first six months of 2009 have already seen 26 such attacks. Sources in the security establishment say that this is mainly on account of the vulnerability of the towers due to their location in remote areas, making their protection difficult. Insiders, however, blame the failure of telecom companies to pay extortion money to the Naxalites for the frequent attacks on their towers.
Essar Groups properties in Bihar, Chhattisgarh and Orissa have been consistently targeted over the last three years, with Essar Steel in Bihar having seen an attack each in 2006, 2007 and 2008. Essar Pipelines have been hit by the Maoists twice in Chhattisgarh and four times in Orissa in the first half of 2009, as against three and one attacks in Chhattisgarh in 2008 and 2007, respectively. Economic Times. http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/Economy/Public-pvt-sectors-bear-brunt-of-Naxalite-attacks/articleshow/4828092.cms
This rare report published in the Scottsman discusses the Maoists in Bharat.
Earlier this month, 36 police were killed in a series of attacks on one day in Chhattisgarh. Nearly 500 people have died in Naxal attacks this year alone.
With the Indian army insisting that it will not get involved, the job of taking on the Naxals has fallen to the police. But their failure to learn from their own mistakes has left them fighting a losing battle.
In an attempt to cut their mounting losses in the “red corridor” of Naxal territory from West Bengal to Maharashtra, the police have started sending men to jungle warfare training.
About time too, says Brigadier Basant Kumar Ponwar, the man running the training camp.
“Fighting the Naxals is like driving a car: if you don’t follow the rules you have an accident,” he says.
The latest massacre came about because the police failed to follow basic drills, he says. Though they knew full well that the Naxals like to stage a small attack to lure a bigger force into an ambush, they still rushed in.
Ponwar has taken 300 acres of jungle and hillside and turned it into a simulacrum of the battlefield where he puts police officers through six-week courses.
“If al-Qaeda can train their people to carry out suicide bombings, why can’t we train our people to be fearless in the face of death?” he demands. “Fight the guerrilla like a guerrilla. That’s my motto.”
Outside, his students are going through their paces, dropping down ropes and yelling “Commando!”. Elsewhere, men are being taught to fire their weapons from horseback and another group is learning how to catch a cobra, skin it and eat it. Ponwar says they do not keep any anti-venom in the camp.
“They have to understand that they must follow their lessons. There are no runners-up prizes in this fight: if you don’t win, you go back in a wooden box.”The Scottsman